(For other notation see Notation for the Special Functions.)
|set of all matrices with integer elements.|
|complex, symmetric matrix with strictly positive definite, i.e., a Riemann matrix.|
|-dimensional vectors, with all elements in , unless stated otherwise.|
|th element of vector .|
|th element of matrix .|
|scalar product of the vectors and .|
|Transpose of .|
|set of -dimensional vectors with elements in .|
|number of elements of the set .|
|set of all elements of the form “”.|
|set of all elements of , modulo elements of . Thus two elements of are equivalent if they are both in and their difference is in . (For an example see §20.12(ii).)|
|intersection index of and , two cycles lying on a closed surface. if and do not intersect. Otherwise gets an additive contribution from every intersection point. This contribution is if the basis of the tangent vectors of the and cycles (§21.7(i)) at the point of intersection is positively oriented; otherwise it is .|
|line integral of the differential over the cycle .|
Lowercase boldface letters or numbers are -dimensional real or complex vectors, either row or column depending on the context. Uppercase boldface letters are real or complex matrices.
The main functions treated in this chapter are the Riemann theta functions , and the Riemann theta functions with characteristics .